The American Revolution
1. Two dominant cultures emerged in the 1700s in North America: (a) England controlled the Atlantic seaboard from Georgia to Maine, and (b) France controlled the area of Quebec and along the Great Lakes and down the Mississippi River.
2. New England consisted of towns made up by farmers. They cleared the land and pushed the Indians out. New France was made up of fur trading outposts. They were scattered and lived with and often worked with the Indians in the forests and streams.
3. Like cats and dogs, England and France cannot live together that close. While separated, they were fine, but the two cultures began to rub against one another in the Ohio Valley. This started the French and Indian War.
4. The French and Indian War saw the English defeat France. France was totally kicked out of North America.
5. Following the French and Indian War, the British crown needed money and figured the Americans could help pay for the war.
6. Also, the economic policy of mercantilism dictated that England try to keep its hard money within the British Empire. So, laws were passed to restrict American trade.
7. The taxes and regulations that followed were not received well by the Americans, notably the Stamp Act.
8. Conditions deteriorated and radical patriots brought matters to a head in events such as the Tea Party and Boston Massacre. Even though most Americans would be considered moderates at the time, the radical patriots were the ones making things happen.
9. The culmination of the patriots’ activities came at Lexington and Concord, when the American Revolution began. 10. Nearly every advantage on paper went to Britain during the revolution. They had better troops, training, a much better navy, experienced generals, more money, better weapons and equipment.
11. The Americans had on their side heart and geography. America was very big and ocean removed from England.
12. Perhaps due to necessity rather than plan, American employed a drawn-out strategy where the war drug on for six years. America won by constantly withdrawing to the nation’s interior and moving on to fight another day.
13. Meanwhile, as the war waged, the Declaration of Independence was written, signed, and approved.
14. The Treaty of Paris 1783 legitimized the new nation.
Unit 2 PPT 1
Unit 2 PPT 2
Talking Points (by Richard Hengsterman)
Chapter 6 Questions/IDs
Chapter 7 Questions/ IDs
Chapter 8 Questions/ IDs
FIVE EXPLANATIONS OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR
1. Political Conflict: A struggle between tyrannical control of England & the liberty-loving Americans who saw an opportunity to carry out the beliefs of the Enlightenment thinkers
2. Practical: the impossibility of England’s maintaining colonies 3,000 miles away as part of its empire as well as the internal political conflicts in British government
3. Economic Conflict: between the growing American free enterprise system & the English mercantile system
4. Religious Conflict – between the variety of religions that settled in the colonies & the Church of England, the dominant religion of English officials & aristocrats
5.Social Conflict: The development of a new class structure in the colonies due to the ending of heredity, birthright status, & primogeniture, & the availability of land & the expansion of the the right to vote as social “level-ers”